I. Chiscop, H. R. Dullin, K. Efstathiou, and H. Waalkens
The isotropic harmonic oscillator in dimension 3 separates in several different coordinate systems. Separating in a particular coordinate system defines a system of three commuting operators, one of which is the Hamiltonian. We show that the joint spectrum of the Hamilton operator, the z component of the angular momentum, and a quartic integral obtained from separation in prolate spheroidal coordinates has quantum monodromy for sufficiently large energies. This means that one cannot globally assign quantum numbers to the joint spectrum. The effect can be classically explained by showing that the corresponding Liouville integrable system has a non-degenerate focus-focus point, and hence Hamiltonian monodromy.